The Messiah and the Judgment



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In recent times, courtroom dramas have become popular features on television news programs. Those accused of notorious—even grisly— offenses often find their cases and court proceedings the subject of moment-by-moment media coverage. Society’s fascination with crime and punishment has become a fixture of contemporary life. The Bible speaks of a day in court that none can evade or avoid. What does the Bible say about this judgment? When will it happen? Who is in charge? And will you be found guilty or innocent before God? Keep reading. God’s Word offers answers that are filled with hope!
How many people will face the judgment?

We must _________ appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

Every person will face the judgment and answer for the decisions made in this life. As serious as this is, there is no need to be afraid of this event. God’s Word reveals that if you put your trust in Jesus, you can look forward to the judgment with cofidence!
Will the judgment take place prior to the Second Coming of Jesus?

Behold, I am coming quickly, and My ________________ is with Me, to give to every one according to his work.

Jesus will come with His reward, and a reward must first be determined before it can be given. Therefore, there is a time prior to Christ’s return when the judgment will take place. This judgment will reveal who is saved and who is lost.
As with any courtroom, there will be an investigation of the evidence, followed by a verdict and a sentence. For the believer in Jesus, the sentence (or reward) is eternity with our Friend and Savior.

Daniel in vision saw the judgment in heaven’s sanctuary. God sat on His throne. The court was seated. Millions of angels were present. The books were opened for investigation, and the judgment began. Daniel portrays this scene as a spectacular event.
What is the purpose of the judgment?

The saints of the Most High shall receive the __________________, and possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever.

As people have lived on the earth, they have either accepted or rejected Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior. The judgment reveals and ratifies the decisions that have been made for or against Jesus. The saved will be found to have yielded their lives to Him, while the lost will be found to have chosen against surrender to Christ. At the completion of this judgment, none will doubt God’s integrity, justice or love. Heaven’s response to God’s judgment is, “Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints . . . For all nations shall come and worship before You, for Your judgments have been manifested.” (Revelation 15:3, 4)

The standard in the judgment is the law of God. Our thoughts and actions are measured against the holy standard of God’s law. Since “all have sinned,” how can a just God declare a guilty person to be “not guilty”?
The Bible says the “wages of sin is death.” (Romans 6:23) All who have sinned are guilty and deserve death, but Jesus took the sentence and died in the place of the sinner. Since He is the One who was sinned against, He is the only One who can take the punishment for sin on behalf of the guilty.


Jesus forgives us “according to the riches of His grace.” (Ephesians 1:7) His grace then enables us to be cleansed of sin through that same power. (1 John 1:7, 9) Our names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life. At the end of time, those whose names are found written in this book will be saved. (Daniel 12:1)
In the judgment, Jesus promises His followers—those who experience His forgiving and overcoming power—that He will not blot their names out of the Book of Life. Rather, the record of their sins will be blotted out. (Acts 3:19)
When does the judgment begin?

For two thousand three hundred days; then the sanctuary shall be ___________________ .

In Daniel 9:20–22, the angel Gabriel appears to Daniel—the same angel “seen in the vision” of chapter 8 “at the beginning.” (Daniel 9:21) Gabriel provides the starting date of the judgment when he tells Daniel about a period of 2,300 years. Gabriel then provides further details of the vision that relate specifically to Daniel’s city and people—Jerusalem and the Jews.
What incredible prophecy reveals Jesus as the Messiah?

_________________ weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, to nish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.

God gave a 70-week time period for the nation of Israel to repent of its apostasy, during which time Jesus would come to the world as the long- awaited Messiah.
In prophetic symbolism, what does a day represent?

I have laid on you a day for each ___________.

In Bible prophecy, a day represents a literal year. This principle is found in several places throughout the Bible (see Numbers 14:34), and is validated by numerous prophecies. It would be impossible for the events of Daniel 9 to apply to a literal 490 days. The 70 weeks (490 days) represent 490 literal years.
What was the starting point for this time period for the Jews?

Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the ___________________ to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times.

The starting point of this prophecy was a command allowing the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their city. This decree, found in Ezra 7:11–26, was made by King Artaxerxes in the seventh year of his reign, in 457 BC.
What would happen at the end of the first 69 weeks?

. . . until __________________ the Prince.

Daniel was told that the Messiah would come 69 weeks after the command to rebuild Jerusalem. That command was given in 457 BC, so 69 weeks (483 literal years) brings us to the year AD 27 (when calculating this, remember that there is no year 0, so we must add a year). According to this prophecy, the Messiah would appear in AD 27.

“Messiah” means “the Anointed One.” In AD 27, Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River and was anointed by the Holy Spirit (Acts 10:37, 38), beginning His public ministry as the Messiah.

Luke 3:1 says Jesus’ baptism took place in the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign, which history places at AD 27. The Messiah, Jesus Christ, came right on time in AD 27!

When Jesus announced that “the time is fulfilled” (Mark 1:15), He was declaring that the time prophecy of Daniel 9:25 had been fulfilled. Jesus was announcing that He was the Messiah.

Daniel predicted the death of the Messiah! Jesus would die for the sins of the world.

The “middle” of this week—seven days representing seven years in prophecy—is the year AD 31, three-and-a-half years after the coming of the Messiah in the autumn of AD 27. When Jesus died, the curtain in the temple was miraculously torn from top to bottom (Mark 15:38), indicating that the sacrificial system was now obsolete, because Jesus—the true Lamb—had died for the sins of the world.

In the temple service, the Passover lamb was sacrificed once a year on a specific day and at a specific time (the afternoon of the 14th day in the Hebrew month of Nisan).

Jesus was dying on the cross as the priests were preparing to kill the Passover lamb. On that dark afternoon, prophecy was fulfilled as “Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.” (1 Corinthians 5:7)

This time, prophecy demonstrates that the Bible can be trusted and that Jesus Christ is the true Messiah of Bible prophecy!
To whom did Jesus tell His disciples to first preach?

Do not go into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans. But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of _______________.

After being anointed as the Messiah in AD 27, Jesus instructed His disciples to focus on preaching to the Jewish people. He longed for the Jewish nation to accept and present Him as the Messiah to the whole world.

Even after His death, Jesus told His disciples to begin their ministry at Jerusalem. He had not given up on the people of Jerusalem. There was still time for them to repent of their sin of rejecting the true Messiah.
What warning did Jesus give to the people of Israel?

The kingdom of God will be _____________ from you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it.

Jesus loved the people of Jerusalem. He knew the prophecy of Daniel 9, and He passionately warned them about refusing to accept the gift of salvation. Jesus declared that the great promise of a glorious future would be taken away from the Jews and given to another people.
When did the gospel really begin to go to the Gentiles?

Devout men carried Stephen to his burial . . . Therefore those who were scattered went _______________________ preaching the word.

When Stephen was killed by the Jewish religious leaders, he became the first Christian martyr. This occurred in AD 34, exactly 490 years after the start of the prophecy. The blessings of the gospel were now to be extended to Gentiles as well as Jews. Israel was no longer God’s exclusive nation. Today, all who accept Jesus Christ as their Savior are considered part of God’s modern Israel.

Galatians 3:29 says, “If you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.”

Paul wrote in Romans 2:28, 29, “He is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the esh; but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart.”

As animal sacrifices were offered each day, the priest took some of the blood of the sacrifices and sprinkled it inside the Holy Place of the sanctuary. On other occasions, the priest ate part of the flesh of the sacrifice. Both services symbolized the transfer of sin from the animal into the sanctuary.

On one day each year, a special event took place. On the Day of Atonement, the High Priest entered the Most Holy Place, into the very presence of God and His law.

The Day of Atonement, or Yom Kippur, was a day set aside to ensure complete harmony between God and humans. To “atone” means to restore “at one”-ness with God. The purpose was to cleanse both the sanctuary and the sinner. The record of sin left by sacrificial blood had built up in the sanctuary throughout the year. On the Day of Atonement, these sins were symbolically “blotted out,” and the sanctuary was cleansed of sin.

This was a day of judgment. The people of Israel would “afflict” their souls by making sure there were no specific sins left unconfessed or unforsaken. On this day, those who refused to confess their sins were judged guilty and cut o from God’s people. (Leviticus 23:29)

The cleansing of the sanctuary referred to by Daniel does not involve an earthly sanctuary. The Jewish temple was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70 and has never been rebuilt. The events and symbols of the earthly sanctuary point to Jesus and the sanctuary in heaven.

The cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary is the removal of the record of our sins from the books of heaven. (Daniel 7:10) While sinners are forgiven when they repent of their sins, even the very record of our sins is blotted out in God’s judgment!
When will the sanctuary be cleansed?

For two thousand three hundred days; then the sanctuary shall be _________________ .

The starting date of this prophecy was the command allowing the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their city (Daniel 9:25), which was issued in the year 457 BC.

Counting 2,300 years from 457 BC brings us to the year 1844, the start of the cleansing of the sanctuary. In 1844, Jesus began the work of judgment in God’s sanctuary in heaven. According to the Bible, we are now living in heaven’s judgment hour! (Again, when calculating this time prophecy, remember to add one year because there is no year 0.)
What impact should the judgment have on a person’s life?

Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment _________ come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.

Living at this time in earth’s history is not “business as usual.” God’s judgment is now in session. Therefore, we can confidently worship God, knowing that as we yield our lives fully to Jesus Christ, we have a High Priest in heaven who is “for us.” (Hebrews 9:24)